How to install, find and remove packages with zypper

In this article I will show you how to use the OpenSUSE‘s zypper package manager to do administrative stuff.

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Installing, finding and removing packages are easy tasks that every Linux user should be able to do on his favourite distro.

1. How to check if a package is installed or not

zypper can display the installed packages, but rpm does the same thing faster.

So, you can use both zypper or rpm to find out if a package is installed or not:
$ zypper -is | grep packagename
$ rpm -qa | grep packagename

2. How to install packages with zypper:

zypper install (or zypper in) is the command for installing packages:

$ sudo zypper install nmap

Zypper is a very powerfull package manager. It can install more than one package with a single zypper command: sudo zypper in package1 package2.

To install and uninstall multiple packages with a single command, type a minus in front of the package you want to remove: sudo zypper in package1 -package2. (this will install package1 and uninstall package2)

To install a local rpm use sudo zypper in package.rpm
And for a remote rpm use: sudo zypper install

3. How to remove / uninstall packages:

zypper remove package and zypper rm package are used for uninstalling packages:

$ sudo zypper rm nmap

4. How to search for packages in the repos:

zypper has two different commands for searching packages by name: zypper search package and by pattern: zypper search -t pattern pattern

5. How to list the installed repos with zypper:

$ zypper repos
$ zypper lr

These commands display the repos in a table.

6. How to update the repos and the whole system:

Use this command to update the repolist:
$ sudo zypper refresh

And this command to update the system:
$ sudo zypper update

7. How to add a new repo with zypper:

$ sudo zypper addrepo repo_alias
$ sudo zypper ar repo_alias

8. How to delete a repo with zypper:

To delete a repo, use: sudo zypper rr repo_alias

9. How to install only the source package or only the dependencies:

Install only the source package: zypper in -D package
Install only the dependencies: zypper in -d package

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